The Finance Act 2021 has introduced two new sections in the Income Tax Act, viz., Section 206AB & Section 206CCA. This is a special provision that provides for deducting or collecting tax at higher rates. Through these sections, an attempt has been made to penalize & trace down the defaulters, who, despite having taxable income do not file their income tax returns. Section 206AB provides for higher rates of TDS while Section 206CCA specifies the higher rates of TCS.
Finance Act 2020 introduced Section 206C(1H), where a person who is a seller and receives consideration for the sale of goods of value or aggregate value which exceeds Rs 50 lakhs in the previous year shall, at the time of receipt of money, collect TCS at the rate of 0.1% of the value exceeding Rs 50 lakhs.
Many taxpayers have received financial help from their employers and well-wishers for meeting their expenses incurred for treatment of COVID-19. In order to ensure that no income tax liability arises on this account, it has been decided to provide income-tax exemption to the amount received by a taxpayer for medical treatment from employer or from any person for treatment of COVID-19 during FY 2019-20 and subsequent years.
Income Tax Act, 1961 of India applies to all persons having income earned or accrued in India. However, its applicability differs basis the residential status of a person. The residential status as stated in Income Tax Act should not be considered as a synonym for citizenship of India.
CBDT introduced a new section in the Income Tax Act, w.e.f.1st September 2019, to bring in transactions of cash withdrawals under the tax net. According to Section 194N, all the Banks to which Banking Regulation Act applies, a Co-operative Society and a post office shall be responsible to deduct TDS, if any person withdraws cash from the account/s maintained with them, being the amount or aggregate of amounts exceeding rupees one crore during the financial year.
Income Tax Act has broadly defined taxability of income under five heads of Income. One of them is Capital Gain, where gains arising out of sale of capital assets are taxable in the hands of the seller of the capital asset. However, with the intention of tax evasion, assesses started entering into an agreement with the buyer, where the sale value declared by the seller is less than the actual sale consideration. This led to loss of tax to the government, and thus to avoid this, section 50C and Section 56 (2)(x) was introduced as two sides of a coin. Section 50C states taxability of such cases in the hands of the seller while Section 56 (2)(x) specifies about the taxability of such transactions in the hands of the buyer.
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Income Tax Act has a provision to impose penalty in case of default in furnishing the return of income for any assessment year commencing on or after 1st April 2018.
Every person who earns income chargeable to tax should file its income tax return with the Income-tax Department before the due date and pay the taxes as applicable for the financial year. If any person fails to do so, such person shall be liable to pay interest as imposed by the Income Tax Act. Under the Income Tax Act, interest is imposed under three subsections of Section 234, viz., 234A, 234B, and 234C.