Income Tax Act, 1961 of India applies to all persons having income earned or accrued in India. However, its applicability differs basis the residential status of a person. The residential status as stated in Income Tax Act should not be considered as a synonym for citizenship of India.
CBDT introduced a new section in the Income Tax Act, w.e.f.1st September 2019, to bring in transactions of cash withdrawals under the tax net. According to Section 194N, all the Banks to which Banking Regulation Act applies, a Co-operative Society and a post office shall be responsible to deduct TDS, if any person withdraws cash from the account/s maintained with them, being the amount or aggregate of amounts exceeding rupees one crore during the financial year.
Income Tax Act has broadly defined taxability of income under five heads of Income. One of them is Capital Gain, where gains arising out of sale of capital assets are taxable in the hands of the seller of the capital asset. However, with the intention of tax evasion, assesses started entering into an agreement with the buyer, where the sale value declared by the seller is less than the actual sale consideration. This led to loss of tax to the government, and thus to avoid this, section 50C and Section 56 (2)(x) was introduced as two sides of a coin. Section 50C states taxability of such cases in the hands of the seller while Section 56 (2)(x) specifies about the taxability of such transactions in the hands of the buyer.
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Income Tax Act has a provision to impose penalty in case of default in furnishing the return of income for any assessment year commencing on or after 1st April 2018.
Every person who earns income chargeable to tax should file its income tax return with the Income-tax Department before the due date and pay the taxes as applicable for the financial year. If any person fails to do so, such person shall be liable to pay interest as imposed by the Income Tax Act. Under the Income Tax Act, interest is imposed under three subsections of Section 234, viz., 234A, 234B, and 234C.
Every time a person files an Income Tax Return, an acknowledgement is generated. This acknowledgement is known as ITR-V. This means Income Tax Return Verification Form. Once the return is filed, it has to be verified either through Adhaar Based OTP or through net banking.